1. A nurse researcher conducts

1. A nurse researcher conducts a study about the livedexperience of ICU nurses working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thestudy is best aligned with which paradigm?
A. Pragmatic
B. Critical
C. Constructivist
D. Positivist
2. A nurse researcher wants to test if their newly developedbiofeedback intervention is an effective method to lower bloodpressure among adult patients with stage 1 hypertension. Whichmethod would be used to answer this question?
A. Quantitative design research
B. Quality improvement project
C. Evidence-based practice project
D. Qualitative design research
3. Which of these purposes of research can ONLY be explainedthrough a quantitative design?
A. Explanation
B. Description
C. Exploration
D. Prediction and control.
4. Which of these sources of evidence is the most reliableaccording to the hierarchy of evidence?
A. Expert opinion
B. Case report
C. Single non-randomized trial
D. Single cross-sectional study
5. Which of these is NOT routinely considered a component ofevidence-based practice?
A. Empirical evidence
B. Context
C. Patient preferences
D. Tradition.
6. A nurse manager wants to reduce operating costs bydecreasing the amount of supplies wasted by staff. Which approachwould best address this problem?
A. Quality improvement
B. Quantitative design research
C. Qualitative design research
D. Evidence-based practice.
7. Which of these attributes is associated with qualitativedesign research?
A. Numeric data
B. Control over context
C. Results in generalizations
D. Humans as instruments Reset.
8. A nurse writes the following PICO(T) question: “Amonghospitalized adults with stage 2 pressure injuries, does dailyphysical therapy compared to the standard activity protocol improvewound healing?”. Which of these statements BEST describes thisPICO(T) question?
A. All essential elements are present.
B. No population is identified.
C. No outcome is identified.
D. No comparison is identified.
9. A nurse writes the following PICO(T) question: “Among olderadults with heart failure, do weekly RN home visits compared to nohome visits improve care?” What is the problem with this PICOTquestion?
A. The outcome criteria is not specific
B. No population is identified.
C. A comparison is not identified.
D. There is not an intervention.

Answer:

1. A nurse researcher conducts a study about the livedexperience of ICU nurses working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thestudy is best aligned with which paradigm?

A. Pragmatic

B. Critical

C. Constructivist

D. Positivist

Answer is C. constructivist; this is a philosophy whereknowledge is based on their own experiences.

A. Pragmatic; practical approachrather than theory

B. Critical; expressing disapprovingcomments / judgements

           D. Positivist; this is an approach of valid knowledge with logicalreasoning

2. A nurse researcher wants to test if their newly developedbiofeedback intervention is an effective method to lower bloodpressure among adult patients with stage 1 hypertension. Whichmethod would be used to answer this question?

A. Quantitative design research

B. Quality improvement project

C. Evidence-based practice project

D. Qualitative design research

Answer is D. Qualitative Research Design shall be used to assessa biofeedback intervention as this is the right method to assessthe results.

A. Quantitative Research Design dealswith numbers and experimental in nature

B. Quality improvement project; inthis it improves quality of over all life but the question is aboutresearch and ways to assess. Hence it would not stand

C. Evidence Based Practice Project;there is little scientific evidence for this

3. Which of these purposes of research can ONLY be explainedthrough a quantitative design?

A. Explanation

B. Description

C. Exploration

D. Prediction and control.

Answer is D. Prediction and control are the models that aim toquantify the probabilities

A. Explanatory research is qualitativein nature but include quantitative approach also

B. Description: these are purelyqualitative research studies concerned with definingcharacteristics of a phenomenon.

C. Exploration: Qualitative researchis primarily explorative research

4. Which of these sources of evidence is the most reliableaccording to the hierarchy of evidence?

A. Expert opinion

B. Case report

C. Single non-randomized trial

D. Single cross-sectional study

Answer is C. Single Non Randomised Trials fall upper inHierarchy of EBP i.e. at level II

A. Expert Opinions fall last underhierarchy i.e. Level VII

B. Case Reports fall under last butone list i.e. level VI of hierarchy.

           D. Single cross sectional studies fall at level V of hierarchy

5. Which of these is NOT routinely considered a component ofevidence-based practice?

A. Empirical evidence

B. Context

C. Patient preferences

D. Tradition.

Answer is D. Traditions are not evidence-based components theyare much related to qualitative studies

A, B, C are components of Evidence based practice research

6. A nurse manager wants to reduce operating costs by decreasingthe amount of supplies wasted by staff. Which approach would bestaddress this problem?

A. Quality improvement

B. Quantitative design research

C. Qualitative design research

D. Evidence-based practice.

Answer is D. Evidence Based Practice Research as the end resultof such research leads to development of standard SOP’s forreducing cost at the institution

A. Quality Improvement does not fitin

B. Quantitative research design: thisabove research gives numerical data but evidently need to bepractices and tested hence that becomes evidence based practice

           C. Qualitative research design does not fit in here

7. Which of these attributes is associated with qualitativedesign research?

A. Numeric data

B. Control over context

C. Results in generalizations

D. Humans as instruments Reset.

Answer is B. Control over context, the qualitative researchdesign is the only research which includes control over context todescribe, explore, explain a phenomenon

A. Numeric data is quantitativedata

           C. Results in generalisation is a principal of quantitativeresearch

           D. Humans as instruments reset: not associated with any researchbut quality improvement program

8. A nurse writes the following PICO(T) question: “Amonghospitalized adults with stage 2 pressure injuries, does dailyphysical therapy compared to the standard activity protocol improvewound healing?”. Which of these statements BEST describes thisPICO(T) question?

A. All essential elements are present.

B. No population is identified.

C. No outcome is identified.

D. No comparison is identified.

Answer is A all essential elements are present

P – population – adults with stage 2 pressure injuries

I – intervention – daily physical therapy

C – Comparison – standard activity protocol

O – outcome – improve wound healing(T) – Optional Time – time is optional I this study

9. A nurse writes the following PICO(T) question: “Among olderadults with heart failure, do weekly RN home visits compared to nohome visits improve care?” What is the problem with this PICOTquestion?

A. The outcome criteria is notspecific

B. No population isidentified.

C. A comparison is notidentified.

D. There is not anintervention.

P – older adults with heartfailure

I – weekly RN home visit

C – no home visits

O – improves care (specificity isnot clear)

T – not given

Hence A. is the answer


 
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