A man went to the hospital, he

A man went to the hospital, he presented localized cutaneouslesions and olecranon bursitis in his right arm. He had no fever. Asample was taken from his lesions and using a swab, was plated inblood agar. After 24 hours of incubation white colonies formed. Alight microscopy analysis of a sample taken from one of thelesions, showed a nucleated single celled organisms. Furtheranalysis showed that this organism had a cell wall made ofcellulose. What type of organism is responsible for this infection?give the genus name.

Answer:

Propionibacterium acnes

Propionibacterium is a gram-positive, anaerobic, rod-shaped genusof bacteria named for theirunique metabolism: They areable to synthesize propionicacid by using

unusualtranscarboxylase enzymes

Its members are primarily facultative parasites and commensals of humans and other animals, living in andaround the sweat glands,sebaceous glands, and otherareas of the skin. They arevirtually ubiquitous and do not cause problems for most people, butpropionibacteria have been implicated in acne and other skinconditions.]One study found thePropionibacterium was the most prevalent humanskin-associated genus of microorganisms.

Membersof the genus Propionibacterium are widely used in theproduction of vitaminB12, tetrapyrrole compounds, and propionic acid,as well as in the probioticsand cheese industries

The strain Propionibacterium freudenreichiisubsp. shermanii is used in cheesemaking to createCO2 bubbles that become “eyes“—round holes in thecheese


 
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