# Problem 2: A particle with cha

Problem 2: A particle with charge q is emitted from the originwith momentum p directed at an angle ? to a uniform magnetic fieldB which lies in the z-direction. i) What is the position of theparticle as a function of time? ii) At what point does the particlenext intersect the z-axis?

Answer:

At time *t* = 0, the charge is at the origin with aninitial velocity,

The equation of motion for the particle of mass *m* andcharge *q* in a uniform magnetic field in the*z*-direction is

The equation of the motion in x, y & z direction are asfollow:-

(b)

At t=0 particle is at origin.The particle crosses the z axis ifx(t)=0 and y(t)=0.

From the motion equation , we can see that x(t) = 0 when

with n as an integer. Similarly y(t) = 0 when where n’ is an different integer.

First time after t=0 both x(t) & y(t) become zero is whenn=2 and n’ =1.

Thus, . This is equivalent to one gyro-period.

Hence, at every time which is a multiple of the gyro-period, thecharged particles intersects the z-axis.